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AN AFRICAN EXPEDITION.
From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. English: Postcard sized images of nude or semi-nude women, produced primarily in France in the late 19th and early 20th century. Not intended for postal use, referred to as "French postcards" in the English speaking world. Subcategories This category has the following 20 subcategories, out of 20 total. Media in category "Postcards of nude women" The following 15 files are in this category, out of 15 total. Female nude posed under a garden arch by Julian Mandel.
Search Submit. The colonization of Africa by the European superpowers, starting with the Portuguese conquest of Ceuta in the early 15 th century to the Scramble for Africa under the New Imperialism in the 19 th century, has been a thoroughly discussed issue. It is coupled with the Transatlantic slave trade which is still affecting people of color in varying ways even after it was abolished over years ago. The period of colonization of Africa is well known for the nightmarish activities on the African continent as well as in Europe and in the Americas. Volumes have been written and are still being written in an effort to document the history and address the damage done to the African race and consequently the general balance and progress of the world at large. The reasons that motivated the colonization of Africa were the abundance of raw materials like copper, cotton, rubber, palm oil, cocoa, diamonds, tea and tin, which were the essentials of the European industry.
Gray steps lead down to an enclosed space made of weathered wood walls, not unlike the hulls of the ships where the slaves were chained for the voyage across the Atlantic Ocean. Junior high school students on a recent day fell silent as they descended the staircase to the Memorial to Abolition of Slavery, built right on the river. The waves slapped against the wood much as the sea might have against the slave ships. At that moment, visitors, no matter their age, begin to understand the scale of the tragedy, she said. France was the third largest of the European slave-trading nations after Portugal and England, transporting an estimated 1. The traders then brought back sugar, coffee, chocolate, spices and rum to Nantes, the city with the largest share of the French trade, transporting some , to , slaves. In all, an estimated 12 million slaves were taken from Africa to the Americas by European traders; about For years, Nantes, like most European cities, resisted public acknowledgment of this history; descendants of slave traders as well as local businessmen and some politicians did not want it aired publicly. But local organizations, many representing people of color primarily from the Caribbean, pressed for recognition. When officials declined, Mr.